It is worth reviewing the technological evolution of displays that has been used in VR applications and that has passed through three important phases:
First phase: Start-up period
The first phase was from 2015 to 2018. Almost all brands had no experience with VR applications during this period, so they designed and produced VR devices according to their experience with consumer devices. Most brands preferred to use AMOLED displays for VR devices because AMOLED could provide better response speed and color saturation.
Second phase: Promotion period
The second phase began in 2019. During the early stage of this phase, brands realized that price was the most important factor in increasing VR hardware popularity: Only low prices could attract consumers to try something new. To quickly reduce the price of VR hardware, brands decided to reduce the display cost.
AMOLED was found to be limited by pixel arrangement and difficult to improve the pixel per inch (PPI) and mura effect further. So, from 2018, brands gradually reverted their display choice from AMOLED to Fast LCD. Fast LCD can achieve better PPI and price advantages than AMOLED and replaced AMOLED as the mainstream display from 2018 to 2021.
Third phase: User experience enhancement period
The third phase has just begun. When a platform's active users increase in numbers to a certain point, improving the user experience becomes inevitable, including enhancing the resolution, color saturation, and response speed of VR displays.
Starting this year, leading brands have begun to use Fast LCD with Mini LED backlight, or OLEDoS, to improve display performance. Omdia predicts that both Fast LCD with Mini LED backlight and OLEDoS will be the mainstream display in VR applications in the coming years.
Figure 1: VR display technology adoption trend
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